The machine is the master's best friend. Just as people have constant and natural needs, machines also need maintenance other than repair.
If you neglect the maintenance of your high-tech colleagues, you will allow failures to occur over time and prepare the ground for increasing your production costs.
If it is necessary to classify the periodic maintenance of CNC machines, daily, weekly, monthly and semi-monthly categories can be revealed.
What are the daily maintenance of CNC?
There are operations that we need to do on a daily routine basis at CNC. The first of these is to make sure that the necessary areas are cleaned and lubricated after the previous work. After each operation, the controls of the machine should be ensured, the cleaning process should be carried out and the lubrication of the necessary areas is of great importance.
It is necessary to clean the general working area daily and free it from chips. In addition, the control and cleaning of the internal quenching rings should also be carried out daily, and spindle taper cleaning should not be neglected. The ATC handle and cover are also considered to be in daily maintenance, the oil level should be checked daily, and a daily follow-up schedule should be prepared for this. Periodic fat loss should be detected, it should be checked whether there is a noticeable point in this fat loss. Noticeable changes in oil controls should not be neglected. The control of the telescopic cover scrapers must also be ensured on a daily basis.
So how should the weekly maintenance of the CNC be?
Carrying out daily maintenance will provide great convenience when weekly maintenance is performed. In addition to the fact that each maintenance has its own value in this respect, each maintenance will actually allow the next stage to be more easily controlled. If we list the weekly maintenance, the greasing of the lathe chuck, the cleaning of the coolant and pump filters can be counted in the first place. As a result of the control, the filters may need to be changed. It is recommended to replace the filters without neglecting when necessary. The cooling water tank filter should also be checked weekly in the same way and, similarly, if there is obsolescence, it should be changed. The concentration of the cooling water is also among the elements that should be checked weekly. Decontamination of the cooling water.
The control of the spindle cooler air filter, which is located outside the electrical cabinet, should also be checked on a weekly basis. However, this filter can be checked more often according to the dust condition of the medium.
The uniform and general maintenance of the countertop can also be counted among the weekly checks. Dec.
What are the monthly maintenance of CNC? Let's look for the answer to his question together.
CNC machines, the daily and weekly maintenance of which is carried out as mentioned above, continue to work efficiently. When the maintenance mentioned above is carried out, it will be sufficient to check only the belts monthly, lubricate the door slides and lubricate the moving parts in the tool magazine.
As for the six-month maintenance at the CNC... the first thing is to check whether the emergency switches, which act as rescuers in difficult situations, are working. If six months are behind us, it's time to change the hydraulic and cooling oil. Again, the cooling water tank must also be emptied and cleaned. Of course, at the end of the process, the tank must be filled with new cooling water. The battery of the NC control unit should also be checked every six months. If it needs to change, change must be achieved without neglecting it. The control of the bench scale should also be taken every six months at the latest and the machine should be allowed to work flawlessly.
Why do we need constant maintenance?
As we mentioned at the beginning of the article, the master and the machine are the closest colleagues. Just as your colleague does not work efficiently when his morale is down, CNC machines do not produce satisfactory products when the maintenance we have been counting from above is neglected.
The maintenance we mentioned is a structure that does not take time and allows early detection of malfunctions if they are made a habit. When these services are provided, the production loss caused by the failure is minimized. Maintenance periods become a little shorter every week due to gaining practicality over time and increasing the relationship of the master machine. While the well-maintained machine improves the production quality, it also exhibits a performance increase of up to one quarter in production capacity. Thanks to the maintenance, energy consumption is reduced, efficiency increases, and in this way, a significant reduction in production costs also occurs. A well-maintained machine means a safe workplace. The safety of the work environment depends not only on the correct use of the machine, but also on its maintenance.